Copyright - safeguards the ownership of an intellectual property
License - document that lets someone use the intellectual property
Now, as an assistant professor, I need to prepare materials for teaching and research which include the following:
- course syllabus
- course website
- research papers
- grant proposals
- computer programs
For research papers and grant proposals, there is usually a standard to follow. In my field, which is Computer Science, the ACM Citation Styles and Reference Formats  is widely used. This guideline can also be applied in course websites, course syllabus, blogs, and handouts. A "References" section is placed at the end of these materials which contains the list of other materials cited. In presentations, borrowed images and pictures must also be cited. At the minimum, the following information are needed for a reference entry (d-a-t-u):
- date/year of publication
- author/publisher (can be a person, organization, legal entity)
 Joseph Anthony C. Hermocilla. 2018. CMSC 137: Data Communicatons and Networking (First Sem 2018-2019). Retrieved September 9, 2018 from https://jachermocilla.org/teaching/137/2018-1/.
 McMillan, T. 2009. Fantail vector [JPG Image]. Retrieved September 9, 2018 from http://www.kiwiwise.co.nz/photo/fantail-vector.
 Marie Betel B. de Robles, Joseph Anthony C. Hermocilla, and Miyah D. Queliste. 2017. Buffer Overflow Exploitation on 64-bit Linux Systems [Google Slides Presentation]. Retrieved September 9, 2018 from http://srg.ics.uplb.edu.ph/resources/presentations.
 Joseph Anthony C. Hermocilla. 2018. Homework 3: Environment Variables, Processes, and Threads [PDF Handout]. Retrieved September 9, 2018 from https://jachermocilla.org/teaching/125/2017-2/hw3.pdf
 Joseph Anthony C. Hermocilla. 2018. Homework 3: Environment Variables, Processes, and Threads [Printed Handout].
Some authors find it cumbersome to cite because the information needed are not readily available. It seems that the best way then is to provide a "Reference as:" or "Citation:" element or section in your own materials which include the minimum information, d-a-t-u, above.
- ACM, Inc. 2018. Citation Styles and Reference Formats. Retrieved September 9, 2018 from https://www.acm.org/publications/authors/reference-formatting.